header image
Home arrow Writers arrow J.S. Newman arrow History of the Primitive Baptists in TX, OK, and Indian Territory: Brazos River/Salem Association
History of the Primitive Baptists in TX, OK, and Indian Territory: Brazos River/Salem Association PDF Print E-mail
Written by J.S. Newman   

 

Brazos River/Salem Association

Brazos River or Salem Association was organized on Friday before the second Sunday in July 1870, with the Shiloh Church in Stephens County. The following churches and messengers in the organization were: Shiloh, Stephens County, J.H. Dancer, J.M.V. Bullock and J.T. Teague; Flat Rock, A.C. White, B. Hally, E.G. and A.B. Woody; Providence, Stephens County, Elder G.I. Thomas, A. Owens and M.I. Holland; Mt. Zion, Elder Thomas Clark and A.L. Hook. Elder D.P. Thomas was moderator, and G.I. Thomas, clerk.

After the association was organized, Dry Greek Church, by her messengers, B. Holly, S.R. Holly and W.H. Bray, was received.

The association was organized with 4 churches and 54 members; contribution, $23.00.

1879 This year the association met with Shiloh Church, on Big Cado, in Stephens County, on Friday before the first Sunday in October. Elder G.I. Thomas preached the first sermon; Elder D.P. Thomas, moderator, and G.I. Thomas, clerk.

Bethel Church by her messengers, Elder G.I. Thomas, Townsend and William Stennett; also Pleasant Dale Church by Elder S.R. Woods, S. Gafford and J.M.V. Bullock, were received.

1880 The association met this year with Providence Church, Stephens County, October 1, 2 and 3. The first sermon was preached by Elder D.P. Thomas, who was moderator, and G.I. Thomas, clerk.

Correspondence was returned with Village Creek Association.

The association had 7 churches and 121 members; contribution, $20.50.

1881 The association convened this year with Mt. Zion Church, Johnson County, on Friday before the first Sunday in October. The first sermon was preached by Elder D.W. Russell, who was moderator, and W.L. Biggs, clerk.

Little Flock Church of Stephens County by her messengers, T.A. Waldrip and 3. Teague; Jones Creek Church of Clay County by her messengers, Elder W.R. Elder, R.W. Haney and J.S. Smith; also Loving Valley Church, Palo Pinto County, by W.L. Ragsdale and P.A. Tipton, were received. Elders W.L. Rogers and Thomas Clark were received from Village Creek Association.

The association had 9 churches and 154 members; contribution, $26.00.

1882 This association met this year with Jones Creek Church, Clay County, on Friday before the first Sunday in October. Elder T.A. Waldrip preached the introductory sermon. Elder D.W. Russell was moderator, and W.L. Biggs, clerk.

Friendship Church of Montague County, by L.M. Coburn, F.M. Nelson and A.R. London, was received.

Elders B.L. Throneberry and Thomas Clark were received as messengers from Village Creek Association.

The association had 10 churches and 167 members; contribution, $22.15.

1883 This year the association met with Pleasant Dale Church, Eastland County, on Friday before the fourth Sunday in August. The first sermon was preached by Elder W.R. Elder.

Elder D.W. Russell was moderator, and W.L. Biggs, clerk.

New Mt Zion Church of Young County, by her messengers, A.B. Medlin and J.D. Bradley; Pioneer Church, Eastland County, by her messengers, Elder J.M. Morgan and Ira A. Townsend, were received.

Elder G.I. Thomas was received from Village Creek Association.

The association had 11 churches and 161 members; contribution, $23.00.

1884 The association met this year with Dry Creek Church, Young County, on Friday before the fourth Sunday in August. Elder D.W. Russell preached the first sermon, who was moderator, and I.W. Steel, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek Association by Elders B.L. Throneberry, W.L. Rogers and Go Clark.

The association had 11 churches, and 171 members; contribution, $16.56.

1885 This year the association met with Little Flock Church, Stephens County, August 21, 22, 23 and 24. Elder J.M. Morgan preached the first sermon. Elder D.W. Russell was moderator, and I.W. Steel, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek Association by Elder B.L. Throneberry and G. Phillips; Sulphur Fork Association, S.Y.L. Ray. Elder P.M. Lancaster of Round Lick Association of Tennessee, was invited to take a seat in the association.

Loving Valley Church of Palo Pinto County dissolved this year.

The association had 10 churches and 146 members; contribution, $17.70.

1886 This year the association met with New Mt. Zion Church, Young County, August 20, 21 and 22. Elder D.W. Russell preached the first sermon, who was moderator, and I.W. Steel, clerk.

"The association agreed to drop from the union every church that had not acted on the care of Elder G.I. Thomas. In accordance with this decision, Shiloh, Pleasant Dale, Pioneer and a part of Dry Creek Church were dropped for refusing to denounce the disorder of Elder G.I. Thomas."

Correspondence was received from Village Creek Association by Elders B.L. Throneberry and W.L. Rogers.

"The association agreed to have published with the following resolution: In accordance with the request of the several churches of the association, we declare non-fellow-ship for Elder G.I. Thomas and for all his work as an ordained minister and for all that hold to them."

The association had 7 churches and 100 members; contribution, $15.00.

1887 This year the association convened with Friendship Church in Bowie, Montague County, August 26, 27, 28 and 29. Elder P.M. Lancaster preached the introductory sermon and was elected moderator, and I.W. Steel was clerk.

Elder Thomas Clark and H.L. Griggs were messengers from Village creek Association.

Dry Creek Church was dissolved this year.

The association had 7 churches and 68 members; contribution, $14.10.

1888 The association met this year with Bethel Church, Young County, August 24, 25, 26 and 27. Elder P.M. Lancaster preached the first sermon and was chosen moderator, and I.W. Steel, clerk.

S. Sealberry was a messenger from Village Creek Association.

The association had 6 churches and 72 members; contribution, $15.75.

1889 The association met this year with Jones Church August 23, 24, 25 and 26. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder D.W. Russell and was chosen moderator, and J.W. Worley was clerk.

Elder Thomas Clark was a messenger from Village Creek Association and Elder C.A. Russell was messenger from Bosque River Association.

Macedonia Church, Cooke County, by her messengers, Elder I.N. Lewis, W.S. Ryan and I.W. Worley was received.

The association had 7 churches and 115 members; contribution, $15.50.

1890 The association met this year with Providence Church, August 22, 23, 24 and 25. Elder P.M. Lancaster preached the first sermon. Elder D.W. Russell was moderator, and I.W. Steel, clerk.

Mountain Creek Church, Cooke County, by her messengers, D.B. and Wayne Koen, was received.

Elders W.L. Rogers and B.L. Throneberry were messengers from Village Creek Association.

The association had 8 churches and 160 members; contribution, 18.00.

1891 The association met this year with Macedonia Church, August 21, 22, 23 and 24. The first sermon was preached by Elder D.W. Russell. Elder P.M. Lancaster was moderator, and D.W. Wadlington, clerk.

Pilgrim Rest Church, Indian Territory, by her messenger, Elder L.R. Gee, was received.

Elder C.A. Russell and E.M. Weeks were received from Bosque River, and Elder Thomas Clark from Village Creek Association.

Providence, Little Flock, Bethel and New Mt. Zion Churches were, by their request, dismissed from the association.

The association had 9 churches and 189 members; contribution, $20.66.

1892 This year the association met with Friendship Church, August 27, 28 and 29. Elder I.N. Lewis preached the first sermon. Elder J.A. Barnfield was moderator, and D.W. Wadlington, clerk.

Elder B.L. Throneberry was messenger from Village Creek Association.

At this session, the name of the association was changed from Brazos River to Salem.

The association had 5 churches and 121 members; contribution, $14.00.

1893 The association met this year with Mountain Creek Church, Montague County, August 26, 27 and 28. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.A. Barnfield, who was also moderator, and D.W. Wadlington, clerk.

Holliday Creek Church, Archer County, by her messengers, W.H. Ward and Frank Barnett, was received.

The association had 6 churches, 122 members; contribution, $14.00.

1894 This year the association met with Pilgrim's Rest Church, near Healdton, Indian Territory, August 24, 25 and 26. Elder J.A. Jones preached the first sermon. Elder J.A. Barnfield was moderator, and D.W. Wadlington, clerk.

Ephesus, Clear Creek and Mt. Zion Churches, by their messengers, were received.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek and Red River Associations.

The association had 9 churches and 188 members; contribution, $14.75.

1895 The association met this year with Jones Creek Church, August 23, 24 and 25. Elder L.R. Gee preached the introductory sermon. Elder J.A. Barnfield was moderator, and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Unity and Village Creek Associations.

The association had 9 churches and 178 members; contribution, $13.50.

1896 The association met this year with Clear Creek Church, Montague County, August 21, 22 and 23. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder D.B. Koen. Elder J.A. Jones was chosen moderator, and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

St. Delight Church, Indian Territory, by her messengers, W.A. Worley and W.F. Evans, was received.

Correspondence was received from Unity, Red River and Village Creek Associations.

The association had 10 churches and 190 members; contribution, $15.80.

1897 The association met this year with Friendship Church, August 20, 21 and 22. Elder J.A. Jones preached the first sermon and was elected moderator, and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Unity, Red River and Village Creek Associations.

The association had 10 churches and 224 members; contribution, $15.76.

1898 The association met this year with Ephesus Church, Montague County, August 26, 27 and 28. Elder D.B. Koen preached the introductory sermon. Elder J.A. Jones was moderator, and I.W. Creshy, clerk.

Salem Church, Clay County, and Cornish Church, Indian Territory, were received.

Correspondence was received from Unity, Red River and Village Creek Associations.

The association had 10 churches and 203 members; contribution, $13.50.

1899 The association met this year with Mt. Zion Church, Clay County, August 25, 26 and 27. Elder J.A. Jones delivered the first sermon and was made moderator; I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Unity, Red River and Village Creek Associations.

The association had 9 churches and 209 members; contribution, $10.90.

1900 The association met this year with Holliday Creek Church, Archer County, August 24, 25 and 26. Elder H.C. Curington preached the introductory sermon and was made moderator; I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Unity Association.

The association had 8 churches and 190 members; contribution, $10.50.

1901 The association convened this year with Cornish Church, Indian Territory, August 23, 24 and 25. Elder D.B. Koen preached the introductory sermon. Elder J.A. Jones was moderator, and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek Association.

The association had 9 churches and 192 members; contribution, $10.50.

1902 The association met this year with Friendship Church at Bowie, August 22, 23 and 24. Elder P.M. Lancaster preached the first sermon. Elder H.C. Curington was moderator and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Village Creek Church near Spanish Fort, Montague County, was received.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek and Pilot Grove Associations.

The association had 8 churches and 161 members; contribution, $10.10.

1903 This year the association met with Jones Creek Church, Clay County, August 22, 23 and 24. The first sermon was delivered by Elder L.J. Gresham. Elder H.C. Curington was moderator, and I.W. Crosby, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek, Unity, Pilot Grove, Red River, Panhandle-Oklahoma and Elk Creek Associations.

Correspondence was suspended with Bosque River Association until she rid herself of the doctrine of the absolute predestination of all things, which she did.

The association had 8 churches and 172 members; contribution, $11.50.

1904 This year the association convened with Mountain Creek Church, August 27, 28 and 29. The first discourse was preached by Elder H.C. Curington. Elder D.B. Koen was moderator, and J.E. Langly, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Village Creek, Elk Creek and Panhandle-Oklahoma Associations.

1905 This year the association met with Village Creek Church at Spanish Fort, Montague County, August 26, 27 and 28. Elder D.B. Koen preached the first sermon. Elder P.M. Lancaster was moderator, and J.E. Langly, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Panhandle-Oklahoma, Elk Creek and Wise County Associations.

The association had 9 churches and 193 members; contribution, $10.00.

In 1906, the association had 10 churches, 195 members, seven preachers; contribution, $12.75.


MACEDONIA CHURCH

Macedonia Church was constituted on Saturday before the second Sunday in April 1874, at the residence of Joseph Edwards, about four miles west of Marysville, Cooke County, by Elder John Tyler and Deacon Ambrose Worley with the following members: Elder John Tyler, I.N. Lewis and wife, A.J. Lewis, Ambrose Worley, S.E. Worley, John Pigg, Joseph Edwards, Lydia Edwards and T.N. Wisdom.

Elder Tyler was chosen to the pastoral care of the church.

In May 1874, Brother I.N. Lewis was liberated to exercise his gift in the bounds of the church.

Elder John Tyler was dismissed by letter in October 1874.

I.N. Lewis was ordained to the work of the ministry June 16, 1877 by Elder John Tyler and Deacon A. Worley.

Elder S.T. Worley was called to assist Elder Tyler in the pastoral care of the church in December 1878.

In April 1879, Elder S.T. Worley joined the church by letter, and in September 1879, Elder D.L. White joined the church by letter.

In 1880, the church was served by the three ministers last mentioned.

G.T. Robbinson was ordained to the ministry on Saturday before the second Sunday in October 1889, by Elders I.N. Lewis, S.T. Worley, D.T. White and Deacons James Wadlington, C.A. Clifton and J.W. Worley. Elder Robbinson died a short while after his ordination.

In April 1883, Elder S.T. Worley was excluded from the church and died an excluded member.

In January 1884, Elder I.N. Lewis was called to the care of the church.

In September 1884, Elder D.T. White was excluded from the church and he also died while an excluded member.

Elder A.J. Marshall joined the church by letter in April, and in May 1881, he was excluded. Elder W.T. Castor joined the church by letter in August 1893 from Bethel Church, Tippit County, Mississippi In May 1893, Elder I.N. Lewis was dismissed by letter. He now lives at Balinger, Runnels County, Texas.

Elder W.T. Castor was called to serve the church in January 1894 and served till November 1896, when Elder D.B. Koen was called.

Elder J.A. Barnfield joined the church by letter in February 1897, and died a member of the church in 1898.

Elder L.R. Gee was the pastor of the church when it dissolved a few years ago.


JONES CREEK CHURCH

Jones Creek Church was constituted on Saturday before the fourth Sunday in October 1880, at Post Oak Schoolhouse, Jack County, by Elder D.P. Thomas, with the following members: R.W. and Catharine Haney, J.S. and M.E. Smith and Susan Coonrod.

Elder D.P. Thomas was chosen pastor of the church at the time it was constituted, and as the records of the church were destroyed for the first six years I have no means of knowing how long Elder Thomas served the church.

In October 1886, L.J. Gresham was ordained to the ministry by Elders P.M. Lancaster, W.H. Swindell and Deacons J.S. Smith and F.M. Nelson. At the same time Brother Gresham was ordained, Elder P.M. Lancaster was called and served the church till December 1889. In March 1887, Elder Gresham was dismissed by letter.

In December 1889, Elder W.H. Swindell was called and served until 1890.

W.N. Hendrix was ordained to the ministry on Saturday before the second Sunday in July 1890, by Elders W.H. Swindell, D.W. Russell and Deacon J.S. Smith, and in October 1891, he was dismissed by letter.

In November 1891, Elder J.A. Barnfield was called to the care of the church, and served till May 1893 at which time Elder J.T. Huckaby joined the church by letter, and in November of the same year was called to the care of the church and served till August 1895, when Elder J.A. Jones was chosen pastor.

Elder J.T. Huckaby was dismissed by letter in October 1896.

In December 1899, Elder H.C. Curington was called in connection with Elder Jones, in which capacity they served till November 1901, when Elder Curington was called and served till January 1905, when Elder I.W. Crosby was called and served till October 1906, when the church dissolved.


FRIENDSHIP CHURCH

Friendship Church was constituted on Saturday before the first Sunday in December 1881, at a schoolhouse near Bowie, Montague County, by Elder D.P. Thomas and Deacon J.S. Smith, with the following members: L.M. Coburn, A.R. London, James London, W.J. Briscoe, F.M. Nelson, N.C. Byram, Matilda Alsabrook, S.A. Cooper and Sarah Stallings.

Elder D.P. Thomas preached for the church till 1884, when Elder Thomas Clark was called and served the church until 1886, at which time Elder P.M. Lancaster was called to the pastoral care of the church. He joined the church by letter from Dry Creek Church in Young County, Texas, in December 1886.

The church declared non-fellowship for the predestination of all things, including sin, in June 1891.

In June 1890, R.B. Lankford was ordained to the ministry by Elders P.M. Lancaster, Thomas Clark and Deacons J.S. Smith and J.G. MoMinn, and was dismissed by letter in February 1893.

Elder J.A. Jones was the pastor of the church from March 1893. In 1892, Elders J.A. Jones and J.A. Barnfield joined the church by letter, and Elder Barnfield was dismissed by letter in September 1895.

I.W. Crosby was ordained to the ministry July 20, 1903, by Elders J.A. Jones, H.L. Collings, L.J. Gresham and H.C. Curington.

Elder L.J. Gersham joined the church by letter in January 1902, and was dismissed by letter in June 1902. In October 1901, Elder J.A. Jones was dismissed by letter. Elder J.F. Jones joined the church by letter in March 1902, and was excluded shortly afterwards for joining the so called Holiness people.

In March 1903, Elder H.C. Curington was called to the care of the church, in which capacity he served, except a short while that Elder Crosby served, till 1906, when Elder H.L. Collings was called, who is their present pastor.

Elder P.M. Lancaster, who is a member of this church, was born June 5, 1831, in Smith County, Tennessee. He was the son of Samuel and Mary Lancaster, who were Primitive Baptists long before the split between us and the missionaries in 1832o

Elder Lancaster joined Bush Creek Church, in Smith County, Tennessee, on Saturday before the 3rd Sunday in October 1857, and was baptized by Elder Sim Bass. He was ordained to the ministry while a member of the above church on the 3rd Sunday in October 1858, by Elders S. Bass, J.P. Spain and Deacon W. Killey. Elder Lancaster moved his membership from Bush Creek Church to Round Lick Church, in Wilson County, Tennessee. In October 1885, Elder Lancaster moved to Young County, Texas and joined Dry Creek Church, now dissolved. From this church he joined Friendship Church of which he is still a member. While he says his race is nearly run, he is still strong in the doctrine of grace.


MOUNTAIN CREEK CHURCH

Mountain Creek Church was organized November 16, 1878, about six miles north of St. Jo in Montague County, by Elders John Tyler, W.H. Daniel and S.T. Worley, with the following members: Elder Willis Leatherwood, T.N. Wisdom, C.A. Clifton, Elder John Tyler, Joseph Lobley, John Lobley, Elizabeth Leatherwood, Amanda Leatherwood, S.J. Clifton, M.E. Peddicourt and Dorathy Lobley.

Elder Tyler, who served the church as her first pastor, was one of the pioneer preachers in Texas, and suffered many privations and hardships in his efforts to preach the gospel to the few that would come out to hear him. He greatly loved the church where his membership was when he died and prayed that it might not go down. Elder Leatherwood, who was in the constitution of the church, was also esteemed by his brethren, and died March 22, 1881.

Elder W.S. Simmons joined the church by letter from Pleasant Hill Church, in Hill County. The church had some trouble with Elder Simmons over his views on the resurrection and other points of doctrine, but finally settled the trouble and was dismissed in September 1882, by letter.

Joseph Lobley was ordained to the ministry December 12, 1882, by Elders John Tyler, I.N. Lewis and Deacons C.A. Clifton and G.W. Fletcher, and was dismissed in March 1887, and moved near Little Rock, Arkansas, where he died.

D.B. Koen was ordained to the ministry in May 1891, by Elders P.M. Lancaster, R.B. Langford and I.N. Lewis. A few years after the church was organized, Elder I.N. Lewis was called and served till the ordination of Elder Koen, since which time Brother Koen has had the pastoral care of the church.

W.B. Leatherwood was ordained to the ministry in September 1894 by Elders D.B. Koen, W.N. Hendrix, W.T. Coston and Deacons J.W. Worley and Drue Perkins, and was dismissed by letter in December 1896.

Elder W.T. Coston joined the church by letter in 1902. Elder Koen was dismissed from the church by letter and was in the constitution of Zion's Peace Church, near Bonita, but is now a member of Village Creek Church.

Mountain Creek Church for several years has been meeting at Bulcher, in Cooke County.


HOLLIDAY CREEK CHURCH

Holliday Creek Church was constituted in 1892. The church book does not tell by whom or what month, with the following members: W.H. Word and wife, from Tennessee, J.G. Roberts and J.F. Barnett and wife.

The following ministers have served the church. John F. Clark, P.M. Lancaster, J.T. Huckaby, J.A. Barnfield and H.C. Curington.

This was the first Primitive Baptist Church organized in Archer County. This church received its name from a creek of the same name.


MT. ZION CHURCH

Mt. Zion Church was constituted October 1, 1893, in Clay County, seven miles southwest of Bellvue, by Elders J.A. Barnfield, J.T. Huckaby, W.N. Hendrix and Deacon Z.M. Wilson, with the following members: J.R. Dean, J.K. McGregor, A.M. Walker, J.A. Walker, Elizabeth McGregor, Nancy Newton, M.J. Weldon and M.M. Walker.

Elder J.A. Barnfield was pastor of the church from its constitution till December 1895, when Elder D.B. Koen was called and served till November 1896, at which time Elder P.M. Lancaster was called and served until April 1899.

In January 1899, Elder H.C. Curington joined the church by letter from Ephesus Church in Gonzales County, Texas. In ~pril 1899, Elder H.C. Curington was called to the pastoral rare of the church, in which capacity he is still serving.

This church endorsed the finding of the Bonham Council.


SALEM CHURCH

Salem Church was constituted April 18, 1897, at Beaver Creek Schoolhouse, eight miles southwest of Ringgold, in Clay County, by Elders P.M. Lancaster and W.N. Hendrix, with the following members: J.R. Munkres, C.C. Munkres, I.F. iarnett and Sister S.D. Hendrix.

Elder W.N. Hendrix joined the church by letter at the Leeting the church was organized, and was dismissed by letter in October 1899.

Elders P.M. Lancaster, J.A. Barnfield and W.N. Hendrix reached alternately for the church till February 1898, when Elder D.B. Koen was called and served till January 1903, hen Elder L.J. Gresham was called and served till February 904, at which time Elder I.W. Crosby was called and continued pastor till April 1905, when Elder B.L. Throneberry was called and is still serving the church.


CORNISH CHURCH

Cornish Church was constituted October 16, 1897, at Cornish, Indian Territory, by Elders J.A. Jones, D.B. Koen, B. Langford, W.B. Underwood, and Deacons Z.M. Wilson, H.L. Krell and William S. Nelson, with the following members: J. Cornish, William Dulaney, J.E. Langley, A.K. Ellis, J.W. Goode, N.A. Cornish, S.J. Langley, E.M. Armhart, H.G. Dulaney and L.J. Goode.

Elder D.B. Koen was chosen pastor of the church at its constitution and is the present pastor.

The church joined Salem Association of Texas in August 1897.

In July 1902, the church unanimously adopted the finding of the Bonham Council.

Elder W.N. Hendrix joined the church by letter in July 1901, Elder R.B. Langford joined the church by letter in August 1901, and a few years later was dismissed by letter. Elder W.B. Underwood joined the church by letter in September 1901.


VILLAGE CREEK CHURCH

Village Creek Church was organized February 22, 1902, at the Salmon Schoolhouse, in Montague County, by Elders D.B. Koen, W.B. Underwood, W.N. Hendrix and Deacons Z.M. Wilson and Henry L. Herrell, with the following members: A.A. Vincent, D.L. Vincent, E.L. and W.A. Golden, Molly Golden, Elisha and B.E. York.

Elder W.B. Underwood served the church till February 1903, when Elder D.B. Koen was chosen and is still the pastor of the church. In May 1906, Elder Koen joined the church by letter from Zion's Peace Church.


ZION'S PEACE CHURCH

Zion's Peace Church was constituted on Saturday before the first Sunday in July 1902, at the Duxberry Schoolhouse, near Bonita, in Montague County, by Elders B.L. Throneberry and D.B. Koen with the following members: W.M. Grammer and wife, P. Everett and wife, and Sister Helton.

Elder D.B. Koen joined the church by letter from Mountain reek Church and was lettered out in March 1906.

The church is not having regular preaching at present.

Last Updated ( Thursday, 26 October 2006 )
< Previous   Next >

Purpose

The Primitive or Old School Baptists cling to the doctrines and practices held by Baptist Churches throughout America at the close of the Revolutionary War. This site is dedicated to providing access to our rich heritage, with both historic and contemporary writings.