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Home arrow Writers arrow J.S. Newman arrow History of the Primitive Baptists in TX, OK, and Indian Territory: Red River Association
History of the Primitive Baptists in TX, OK, and Indian Territory: Red River Association PDF Print E-mail
Written by J.S. Newman   


RED RIVER ASSOCIATION

This association was organized with Little Vine Church in Lamar County, Saturday, the 23rd day of October 1886, with the following five churches and their messengers, all from the Pilot Grove Association: Little Vine Church, Elders J.W. Caynar, P.D. Ausmus, Brethren J.M. Houghton and W.P. Ausmus; Sardis Church, Fannin County, Elders W.B. Sikes, William Carter and J.W. Segler; Emeas Church, Delta County, Elder W.H. Tatum, J.E. Rhyne and J.T. Rhyne; Red River Church, Red River County, Elders J.B. Slate and W.B. Cavnar; Providence Church, Collin County, Elder J.G. Webb, G.W. Howard and S.M. Dickens.

After the association was organized, Elder J.B. Slate was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

The Articles of Faith of the Pilot Grove Association were adopted by the new association.

The association received correspondence from Sulphur Fork Association by letter, and the association petitioned the New Hope and Pilot Grove Associations for correspondence.

The association this year had 5 churches and 122 members; contribution, $15.00.

1887 The association this year met with Emeas Church, Delta County, October 7, 8 and 9. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder P.D. Ausmus. Elder J.B. Slate was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Philadelphia Church, Fannin County, by her messengers, Elder J.G. Webb, J.W. Segler, W.J. Majors and D.W. Monk; Blossom Prairie Church by her messenger (this church was from Lamar County), W.W. Darnell; also Antioch Church of Hunt County, by her messenger, J.J. Milford, were received by the association.

Correspondence was received from Pilot Grove Association by Elder J.W. Ray; New Hope by Elder T.D. Morris and D.W. Denny. Correspondence returned.

"Also received a statement from Elder R.T. Webb of Sulphur Fork Association that our petitionary letter did not reach them, but they were willing to correspond with us. We therefore agree to send her a petitionary letter for correspondence.

The association this year had 8 churches and 155 members; contribution, $20.50.

1888 The association this year convened with Philadelphia Church, Fannin County, September 7, 8 and 9. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.G. Webb. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Pilot Grove Association by Elders P.G. Johnson and J.W. Ray.

The association this year had 8 churches and 164 members; contribution, $25.32.

1889 The association this year met with Sardis Church, Fannih County, September 6, 7 and 8. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Cavnar. Elder W.B. Sikes was moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence was received from Pilot Grove by B.I. Money, T.K. Cole and W. Grizzell; New Hope by letter.

The association this year had 8 churches and 181 members; contribution, $18.50.

1890 The association this year convened with Providence Church, Collin County, September 12, 13 and 14.

The introductory sermon was preached by Elder W.H. Tatum. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Fairland Church, Hopkins County, by her messenger, T.D. Morris was received.

Pilot Grove Association by her messengers, Elders S.W. Webb, Joel Lewis and Brother J.I. Money; New Hope Association, Elders Alex Mason and J.M. Hollis; Sulphur Fork, Elders R.T. Webb and B.H. McWilliams; correspondence returned.

The association this year had 8 churches and 193 members; contribution, $19.00.

1891 The association this year met with Blossom Prairie Church, Lamar County, August 14, 15 and 16. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.G. Webb. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence received from New Hope Association, by Elder B.F. Sorelle; Sulphur Fork, Elders R.T. Webb and J.W. Allen.

The association this year had 8 churches and 204 members; contribution, $17.50.

1892 The association this year convened with Little Vine Church, Lamar County, August 19, 20 and 21. The first sermon was preached by Elder P.D. Ausmus. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Little Hope Church from the Indian Territory, by her messengers, R.M. Broom and B.M. Lovett, was received.

"The association this year agreed to call the attention of New Hope Association to her indirect correspondence with the Trinity River Association, whom we consider as being in disorder."

The association also agreed to suspend correspondence with Sulphur Fork Association, but agreed to write her a friendly letter giving our reasons for doing so, viz: "For having advocated among them the absolute predestination of all things that comes to pass, including sin with all its train of evils, also, that the sinner is not changed in regeneration."

Correspondence was received from Pilot Grove Association by Elders Joel Lewis and N.A. Jones. Returned correspondence with the Pilot Grove Association, but called her attention to her indirect correspondence with the Trinity River Association, and also called her attention to the doctrine of the predestination of all things, including sin with all its train of evils, as being advocated by some in her midst, and ask her to take some action to stop the propagation of said doctrine."

The association this year had 8 churches and 218 members; contribution, $18.25.

1893 The association this year met with Antioch Church, Hunt County, August 18, 19 and 20. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Cavnar. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence was received from New Hope Association by her messenger, Elder Alex Mason; Pilot Grove by her messenger, Elder Joel Lewis. Correspondence was returned.

A suitable obituary appears in the minutes of this session of the association of Elder S.W. Webb, the father of Elder J.G. Webb. He died July 3, 1893, in the 71st year of his age.

The association this year had 8 churches and 251 members; contribution, $21.50.

1894 The association this year convened with Emeas Church, Delta County, August 17, 18 and 19. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Herriage. Elder W.B. Sikes was elected moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Hopewell Church, Lamar County, by her messengers, Elder D. Short, J.G. Whitaker, J.T. Brazzeal and S.C. Chase, was received.

Correspondence from New Hope Association was received by her messengers, J.W. Perkins and J.N. McGehee; Pilot Grove by her messenger, Elder L.M. Gordon.

The Red River Association at this session again called the attention of New Hope Association to her correspondence with the old Union Association.

The association this year petitioned correspondence with Village Creek and Salem Associations.

The association this year had 9 churches and 284 members; contribution, $19.25.

1895 The association this year convened with Philadelphia Church, Fannin County, August 16, 17 and 18. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.G. Webb. Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Pilgrim Rest Church by her messenger, Elder J.B. Slate, was received; also Harmony Church, Fannin County, by her messengers, Elder J.G. Webb, W.J. Majors, J.N. Carter and W.M. Davis.

Correspondence from New Hope Association was received by her messengers, Elder J.G. Sikes, J.W. Perkins and T.J. Wright; Pilot Grove, L.H. Taylor and N.A. Jones; Salem by letter and minutes; Village Creek Association, Elder Thomas Clark. The association also received a petitionary letter from the Bethel Association, which was accepted and correspondence returned.

The association this year had 10 churches and 298 members; contribution, $19.05.

1896 The association this year met with Sardis Church, Fannin County, August 14, 15 and 16. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder P.D. Ausmus; Elder W.B. Sikes, moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence from New Hope Association was received by Elder J.D. Hollis, J.I. Money, F.M. Harvey and W.R. Minehew; Pilot Grove, Elders B.F. Casey, J.K. Gotcher, Joel Lewis and Brother J.D. Hopkins; Salem by minutes; Village Creek, Elder Thomas Clark; Bethel, Elder W.H. Harrell. All were received and correspondence returned.

The association this year had 10 churches and 323 members; contribution, $19.30.

1897 The association this year met with Blossom Prairie Church, Lamar County, August 13, 14 and 15. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Cavnar. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence from Pilot Grove Association was received by minutes; minutes were also received from Village Creek, Salem and Bethel Associations; New Hope Association by her messengers, D.M. Jenkins and F.M. Harvey. Correspondence was returned.

The association this year had 10 churches and 353 members; contribution, $18.80.

1898 The association this year convened with Harmony Church, Fannin County, August 19, 20 and 21. The first sermon was preached by Elder W.H. Tatum. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Sycamore Church, Fannin County by her messengers, P.M. Hanks and M.G. Seals, was received; Mount Pleasant Church, Delta County, by her messengers, George Majors and William Hollis, was also received.

Correspondence from Pilot Grove Association was received by Elders J.K. Gotcher, B.F. Casey and Brother L.H. Taylor; Village Creek, Elder S.A. Paine and Brethren S.W. and T.W. Hopper; Salem by minutes; New Hope, Elder J.C. Sikes and J.I. Money; Bethel by minutes.

A petitionary letter was received from Shiloh Association in the Indian Territory by her messengers, J.C. Attaway and W.H.M. Smith; correspondence returned.

The association this year had 12 churches and 441 members; contribution, $21.35.

1899 The association this year met with Hopewell Church, Lamar County, August 18, 19 and 20. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Herriage. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Salem Church of Fannin County by her messengers, M.J. McDow and J.A. Fortenberry, was received.

Correspondence from Pilot Grove Association was received by Elder B.F. Casey; New Hope, Elders J.C. Sikes, J.C. Hendrickson and Brethren J.I. Money and J.W. Perkins; Bethel, Elder J.R. Hardy; Salem and Village Creek, letter and minutes.

The association this year had 12 churches and 427 members; contribution, $20.10.

1900 The association this year convened with Little Vine Church, in Lamar County, August 17, 18 and 19. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.G. Webb; Elder P.D. Ausmus, moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Corinth Church, of Hunt County, by her messengers, Elder J.W. Herriage, J.F. Louden, J.Q. Stegall and J.W. Houston, was received.

Correspondence from the Pilot Grove Association was received by Elders Joel Lewis and B.F. Casey; Bethel Association, by letter and minutes; Village Creek, letter and minutes; Salem, letter and minutes. The above letters were received and correspondence returned.

"Received letter and minutes from New Hope, but no messengers. By motion and second agreed to discontinue correspondence with New Hope Association, on account of the unpleasantness caused by some of her ministers advocating the doctrine of the absolute predestination of all things both good and evil, which doctrine this association does not believe, also agreed to write them a friendly letter asking them to rid themselves of it, that our correspondence may be continued, and that Elder W.B. Sikes and Brother W.T. George bear the letter."

The association this year had 12 churches and 432 members; contribution, $35.35.

1901 The association this year met with Pilgrim Rest Church, Red River County, August 16, 17 and 18. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder B. Carter; Elder P.D. Ausmus, moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence from Pilot Grove Association was received by letter and minutes; Village Creek, letter and minutes; Salem, letter and minutes; No intelligence from Shiloh and Bethel. Agreed to return correspondence with all the above associations, except Bethel. The Red River Association discontinued correspondence with Bethel on account of it advocating the doctrine the absolute predestination of all things.

Correspondence from Enon Association was received by Elders J.W. and J.S. Griffin.

The association this year had 12 churches and 456 members; contribution, $24.35.

1902 The association this year convened with Corinth Church, Fannin County, August 15, 16 and 17. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder M.L. Barrett; Elder P.D. Ausmus moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Mt. Ararat Church in Red River County by her messenger, J.F. Aubry, was received.

Correspondence from Shiloh Association was received by Elder J.C. Reed, Z. Stallings and M.M. Jones; Pilot Grove, William Russell, J. Havens, J.A. Webb, J. Matlock and E. Parkhill; Salem Association, Elder P.M. Lancaster; Village Creek, letter and minutes; Enon, Elder J.W. Griffin; Chambers Creek, Elder A.F. Grafton; Hill County, Elder E.R. Robinson, all of which was received and returned.

"6th. Agreed to drop the disorderly part of Emeas Church and recognized the minority as the church proper. The majority having gone off into the absolute predestination of all the wickedness done in time, and having been labored with by Antioch and Corinth Churches, and requested that they be dropped from our fellowship."

The association this year had 13 churches and 423 members; contribution, 26.10.

1903 The association this year met with Mt. Ararat Church, Red River County, August 14, 15 and 16. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder J.W. Herriage. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.G. Webb, clerk.

Correspondence from Chambers Creek Association was received by Elder A.F. Grafton; Pilot Grove, letter and minutes; Salem, letter and minutes; Enon, Elder J.W. Griffin, S.H. Carrh, G.W. Griffin, T. Banks and Elder A.C. McMillan; Primitive Baptist Association, Elders S. Kyle and Henry Kilgore. Correspondence was returned.

The association this year had 13 churches and 440 members; contribution, $23.70.

1904 The association this year convened with Salem Church, Fannin County, August 19, 20 and 21. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder Thomas Johnson. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.W. Herriage, clerk.

Zion Rest Church of Lamar County by her messengers, Elder J.W. Herriage, E.L. Smith, M.A. Aulds and R.L. Bates, was received.

Correspondence from Chambers Creek association was received by Elder A.F. Grafton; Pilot Grove, Elders J.G. and T.L. Webb; Salem, T.V. Jones; Enon, Elders J.W. Griffin and A.C. McMillan; Primitive Baptist, letter and minutes, correspondence returned.

The association this year had 13 churches and 415 members; contribution, $22.40.

1905 The association this year met with Zion Rest Church, Lamar County, August 18, 19 and 20. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder Willie L. Barrett. Elder P.D. Ausmus was chosen moderator, and J.W. Herriage, clerk.

Prospect Church of Rains County by her messenger, J.T. Robinson, was received.

Correspondence from Chambers Creek Association was received by Elder A.F. Grafton; Pilot Grove, Elder J.G. Webb and William Russell; Salem, minutes; Enon, Elders J.W. Griffin and A.C. McMillan.

The association this year had 13 churches and 467 members; contribution, $23.00.


LITTLE VINE CHURCH

Brother Charley Connally who lives at Glen Rose, and is a son of G.M. Connally (deceased), tells me that Little Vine Church was organized by Elders Paul and W.H. Green on North Sulphur, then in Lamar County, but now Delta, one mile from where Ben Franklin now is. Brother Connally also says that his father and mother, G.M. and Rithy Connally, David Baker and C. Pace and others were in the constitution.

The records were destroyed a few years since by fire and lacking these, the associational records are referred to. The church represented in the Pilot Grove Association in 1865, by G.M. Connally, D. Baker and C. Pace, with a membership of seventeen; in 1866, by D. Jackson, D. Baker and C. Pace, with thirteen members; in 1868, by Elder W.H. Green, C. Pace, D. Baker, R. Winfrey and J. Moore, with fourteen members. This year, W.H. Green and J.M.C. Robertson were pastors. In 1870, by Elders J.M. Freeman, W.H. Green and J.W. Jackson, number of members not given; in 1871, by Elder W.H. Green, D. Jackson, William Elam and C. Pace, with twenty-five members; in 1872, by Elders W.H. Green and J.W. Jackson, with twenty-five members; in 1873, by Elder W.H. Green, D. Jackson and C. Pace, with twenty-five members; in 1874, Elders W.H. Green, J.M. Freeman and J.W. Jackson, with twenty-five members; in 1875, Elder W.H. Green, D. Jackson, W. Elam and C. Pace, with twenty-five members; in 1876, Elders W.H. Green, J.W. Jackson and J.M. Freeman.

The messengers of the church were about the same for eight or ten years.

In 1886, the church was given a letter of dismission and was in the constitution of Red River Association.


RED RIVER CHURCH

Red River Church was constituted near Bagwell, Red River County, on Saturday before the first Sunday in May 1883, by Elders J.W. Caynar and James Ausmus. The following were its charter members: B.F. Hudson, C. Aubry, W.B. Cavnar, L.D. Miller, T.A. Miller, M.A. Cavnar, R.A. Hudson and M.E. Aubry.

Elder J.W. Cavnar, who joined this church by letter the day it was constituted, was chosen pastor. The church joined Pilot Grove Association in 1883.

Elder J.W. Cavnar was dismissed by letter from this church in September 1884.

W.B. Cavnar was ordained to the work of the ministry in January 1886, by Elders J.B. Slate and J.W. Cavnar.

The church was dissolved on Saturday before the first Sunday in August 1890, by Elders J.W. Cavnar, P.D. Ausmus and S. Denison and Deacon J. Bunch.


SARDIS CHURCH

Sardis Church was organized on Saturday before the first Sunday in May 1883, at Oak Ridge Schoolhouse, in Fannin County, by Elders Henry Ausmus, James Ausmus, J.P. Lambert, J.M. Meade and J.G. Webb, with the following members: L.W. Yeager, E. Yeager, William Carter, Amanda Carter, David Vaughn, S.J. Ray, F.G. Ray and J.W. Meade.

Elder J.M. Meade joined the church by letter immediately after its organization.

Elder W.B. Sikes joined this church by letter in March 1886 and in November 1887 was called to the care of the church.

Elder B. Carter joined the church by letter in December 1887 and is still a member of the church.

J.C. Sikes was ordained the first Sunday in July 1889, by Elders G.W. Berryman, J.C. Kilgore, W.H. Tatum, B. Carter, W.B. Sikes and Deacons T.V. Jones, M. Ryon, W.H.M. Smith, W. Carter and W.J. Majors.

Soon after the ordination of Elder J.C. Sikes, a difference on the subject of predestination came up between Elders W.B. and J.C. Sikes, who were brothers in the flesh, and on Saturday before the first Sunday in November 1889, the church took the trouble between the contending brothers and, by motion and second, the church agreed to not make the difference a test of fellowship. After this conclusion was reached, Elder J.C. Sikes was granted a letter. The church, not being satisfied with the above decision relative to the contention between Elders Sikes, met the next morning in conference and, by motion and second, agreed to not allow the doctrine of the absolute predestination of all things preached among them. After some little dicussion, the motion was carried."

Elder J.W. Herriage was called to the care of the church in October 1891.

J.W. Meade was ordained to the ministry on Saturday before the first Sunday in October 1893 by Elders W.B. Sikes, P.D. Ausmus, J.W. Seelet, J.M. Meade, J.W. Herriage and B. Carter, and was soon afterwards excluded for joining the Missionary Baptists.

Thomas Johnson was ordained to the ministry in January 1901, by Elders J.W. Herriage, B. Carter and Deacons W.T. George, T.D. Williams and W.H.M. Smith, and was dismissed by letter in November 1901.

This church first joined Pilot Grove Association, but is now a member of Red River Association.

Elder B. Carter is the present pastor.


BLOSSOM PRAIRE CHURCH

Blossom Prairie Church was organized July 30, 1887 at Birds Schoolhouse, four miles south of Blossom Prairie, Lamar County, by Elders J.G. Webb, J.W. Cavnar, W.H. Tatum and Deacon W.J. Majors, with the following members: W.W. Darnell, Thomas Lewis, Lenora Franklin, J. Franklin and Nancy Clark.

The following elders have had membership in this church: J.E. Langston, J.B. Slate, S. Denison and D.W. Short.

Elder P.D. Ausmus is the present pastor of this church.


PHILADELPHIA CHURCH

Philadelphia Church was constituted November 19, 1887, near Gober, Fannin County, by Elders T.S. Dalton, W.H. Harrell, S.W. Webb, W.B. Sikes, P.D. Ausmus, G.W. Burnes, J.W. Cavnar and J.W. Ray, with the following members: Mary Shelton, Elder J.G. Webb and wife, L.K. Webb, W.J. Majors and J.W. Segler.

Elder J.G. Webb was called to the care of the church when constituted.

In January 1901, the church appointed a committee consisting of Elders W.B. Sikes and J.G. Webb, to draft resolutions against the predestination of all things, to be read and considered at their next meeting.

The following article as drafted by Elders Sikes and Webb was read and unanimously adopted by the church. "Whereas, the doctrine of the absolute predestination of all things that come to pass both good and evil, or that God did before time effectually decree all the wicked acts of men that take place in time is being advocated among the Baptists in different parts of the country, and causing strife and confusion among the churches and believing it to be heresy and hurtful to the cause of Zion, we therefore agree that we will not permit it preached in our pulpit and will not allow our members to advocate it.

Done and signed by the church in conference February 1891."

In June 1890, Elder J.W. Herriage joined the church by letter, Elder M.L. Barrett joined the church by letter in January 1893. Elder Herriage was dismissed by letter in July 1893.

J.W. Segler was ordained to the ministry July 14, 1893, by Elders W.B. Sikes, J.W. Herriage, M.L. Barrett, J.H. Fisher, J.T. Huckaby, L.M. Gordon, J.G. Webb and Ben Carter.

George A. Paine was ordained to the ministry May 20, 1894, by Elders L.M. Gorden, W.B. Sikes, J.G. Webb and M.L. Barrett.

W.S. Broom was ordained to the ministry the fifth Sunday in September 1894, by Elders J.K. Stephens, W.C. Bryan, H.C. Hogan, J. Meade, M.L. Barrett, J.W. Segler and G.A. Paine.

Elder Webb served the church from its constitution till September 1894, when he was dismissed by letter and Elder M.L. Barrett was chosen, who served the church till October 1898, when Elder W.B. Sikes was chosen and served the church till December 1900, when he was dismissed by letter. In 1901 Elder Barrett was called again and is still serving the church.

Willie L. Barrett was ordained to the ministry January 20, 1901 by Elders J.G. Webb, M.L. Barrett and J.W. Segler.

Elder W.S. Broom was dismissed by letter February 16, 1901.


HOPEWELL CHURCH

Hopewell Church was constituted in Lamar County, May 26, 1894, by Elders W.H. Tatum, J.W. Cavnar and Deacons W.H. Denison, John Young and M. Stephens, with the following charter members: Elder Daniel Short, S.F. Short, John Brazzeal, Isabel Brazzeal, J.G. Whitaker, S.C. Chase, S.F. Chase and M.J. Chase.

Elder Daniel Short was called to the pastoral care of the church at the constitution and served until November 1895, when Elder J.W. Herriage was called and is the present pastor.

In 1901, the church moved from Lamar County to Enloe, Delta County. The church is a member of Red River Association.

In August 1901, the church declared non-fellowship for the doctrine that God purposed sin.


HARMONY CHURCH

Harmony Church was constituted August 3, 1895 in Bonham, Fannin County, by Elders T.S. Dalton, W.B. Sikes, M.L. Barrett and J.M. Meade, with the following members: Elder J.G. Webb and wife, W.J. Majors, J.T. Stevens, S.H. Rushing, F. Brown, J.E. Carter, W.M. Davis, P.W. Hanks, J.N. Carter, John Morris, M.V. Stephens, C.D. Rushing, Lou Brown, M.J. Carter, Sarah A. Jackson, Mary Hanks, and Telia Carter.

Elder J.G. Webb was called to the pastoral care of the church at the time it was organized and still serves in that capacity.

In August 1896, the church moved its place of worship from Bonham to the Arledge Ridge Schoolhouse, four miles south of Bonham.

In November 1900, M.G. Johnson was ordained to the ministry by Elders J.W. Bragg, T. Peterson, J.G. Webb and James West.

In July 1901, "A suggestion was made by Brother J.M. Holland, that the church pass resolutions against the doctrine that is being advocated that God predestinated all the sinful actions of men, which was deferred till next meeting for consideration."

In August 1901, the church reference of last meeting was taken up and, by motion and second, the church unanimously agreed that the following resolution be adopted: "Whereas, the doctrine of the absolute predestination of all the wicked acts of men in time is being agitated in some sections of the country and, believing it to be heresy, we therefore will not allow it preached in our church or advocated by our members. We also declare against Arminianism, Antinomianism, and all other heresies of whatever character, and believe it to be disorder to knowingly affiliate with these heresies to the extent of partaking with their disorder."

Six months after the above resolution was unanimously passed by the church, I find the following in the February conference of 1902: Called for miscellaneous business, when it was reported that Brother W.M. Davis, had been advocating the unlimited predestination of all things including sin and wickedness. Brother Davis, being present, was asked the question if he believed that God predestinated all the wicked acts of men that take place in the world, and he said he did. By motion and second, the church agreed to prefer charges against Brother Davis for heresy and, by motion and second, agreed to withdraw fellowship from him. Elder James West then asked the church to include him in the same charges with Brother Davis, but stated that he did not believe God was the author of sin. The church then withdrew fellowship from Elder James West for not submitting to the exclusion of W.M. Davis. The exclusion of W.M. Davis and Elder James West caused some dissatisfaction where the real facts in the matter was not known.

Harmony Church called up all the orderly churches in Texas, or elsewhere, to meet with her in council on Thursday before the fourth Sunday in June 1902.

T.L. Webb was ordained to the ministry April 27, 1902, by Elders P.D. Ausmus, J.W. Herriage, J.W. Segler, J.G. Webb, M.G. Johnson, M.L. Barrett, R.C. Taylor of Tennessee, and Willie L. Barrett.

According to the request of Harmony Church the council was held at the time and place agreed upon by the churches. As it has been charged that the Bonham Council put up bars against the predestination of all things, I think it right to copy verbatum et literarum the findings of said council, that the readers may read and be convinced.

FINDINGS OF THE BONHAM COUNCIL

"In answer to a call of the Primitive Baptist church at Bonham, Texas, called Harmony, messengers from churches composing the Red River Association and other orderly Primitive Baptist churches, met in council in Bonham, Texas, at 3:00 p.m. June 19, 1902.

"After singing "How Firm a Foundation," and prayer by Elder Wm. Guess, Elder R.A. Biggs was appointed moderator protem, and W.T. Flowers, clerk protem, Elder S.A. Paine assistant clerk.

"The following messengers from churches composing Red River Association were enrolled: Elder P.D. Ausmus, James Bunch, A.J. Thomas from Little Vine church; Elder B. Carter, John Williams and Jim Wilkins, from Sardis church; S.W. Monk, C. Aubry, Monroe Stephens, from Blossom Prairie church; J.E. Bowers, Elders J.W. Segler, M.L. Barrett, W.L. Barrett, from Philadelphia church; J.W. Baker, from Antioch church; J.P. Whitaker, J.N. Drake from Hopewell church; A.M. Aikin, Elder T.J. Taylor from Pilgrims' Rest church; P.W. Hanks, F.R. Garrett from Sycamore church; M.J. McDow, G. Moran, Jim Newberry from Salem church; Elder J.W. Herriage, J.E. Stegall, J.F. Louden, B.A. Smith, J.H. Millford from Corinth church; and the following messengers from churches composing the Pilot Grove Association: Elder D.M. Sawyer from Smyrna church; J.H. Ball, W.H. Ledbetter from Lone Star church, W.M. Russell, John Hendricks, A.J. Lucas, J.P. Seigler from Little Flock church; Elder J.K. Gotcher, E. Williams, W.R. Johnson from Pleasant Hill church; W.N. Butler from Pleasant Garden church; E.B. Bass from East Fork church; W.D. Kirby, B.A. Scott from Orchard Gap church; N.B. White, J.E. Schrimsher, J.A. Webb from Providence church; and the following messengers from churches composing the Salem Association: Elder P.M. Lancaster from Friendship church; Elder H.C. Curington, Z.M. Wilson from Mt. Zion church; Wm. Dulaney, J.E. Langley from Cornish church,Indian Territory; and the following messengers from churches belonging to the Village Creek Association: Elder B.L. Throneberry, J.S. Portwood from Garrett Creek church; Elder Thomas Clark from Village Creek and County Line churches; J.R. Clark from Elm Grove church, belonging to Friendship Association; Elder J.W. Griffin from Enon church, Enon Association; Licentiate W.J.D. Bradford from Bethel church, Little Flock Association; with Elder A.V. Atkins, G.M. Holbert from Little Flock church; and Elder M.C.C. Maples from Mt. Vernon church; and Elder Wm. Guess, F.B. Reed from Philadelphia church, of Little Flock Association; Elder T.J. Moore from New Hope church Primitive Baptist Association; also W.T. Meadow from Zion church; J.W. Jackson from Bethlehem church; Elder W.H. Richards, J.H. Lea from Little Flock church; Elder H.L. Collings from Little Flock church No. 1, Unity Association; Elder A.B. Chambers from Bethlehem church; J.J. Warren from Bethany church, Elder S.A. Paine from Hopewell church, Old Harmony Association; Elder A.F. Grafton from Chambers Creek church, Chambers Creek Association; Elder J.M. Creel from Shiloh Church; J.J. Johnson from Cedar Creek church; Elder E.R. Robinson and B.D. Owen from Little Zion church; Elder R.A. Biggs from Culp church, all of Hill County Association; Elder R.A. Biggs from Bosque church; Elder J.S. Newman from Mineral Springs church; J.B. Garrett, Elder S.A. Paine from Providence church; Elder B.J. Driver from Ebenezer, Philadelphia and Bethel churches; Elder J.W. Poe, from Damascus and Little Hope churches, Duffau Association; A.B. Jeffrey from Tennis Creek church, Southwest Texas Association; W.W. Goolsby, J.W. Phelps from Union church, Timber Creek Association; Elder J.C. Reed, Daniel Monk from Antioch church, Shiloh Association, Indian Territory.

"The churches belonging to no association were represented as follows: J.S. Newman from Prairie View church, in Bosque county; W.T. Flowers from Liberty church in Grayson county; Elder W.H. Richards, J.H. Lea from Bethlehem church Knox county; Elder H.C. Marcum, T.A. Johnson, T.J. Johnson from Providence church in Dallas county.

"By motion and second Elder R.A. Biggs was unanimously elected moderator, with W.T. Flowers and Elder S.A. Paine, clerks.

The council then proceeded to business, inviting visiting brethren who are in good standing and order at home to seats with us, and aid us in council. The following visiting brethren were enrolled: Elder J.A. Paine from Village Creek Association; Elder D.B. Koen from Salem Association; Elder J.T. Huckaby and L.H. Taylor from Pilot Grove Association; Elder L.M. Gordon from Timber Creek Association.

The minutes of the meeting of Harmony church, fourth Sunday in April, 1902, were called for and read. By motion and second committee of twelve were appointed for the purpose of investigating the action of Harmony church in regards to the exclusion of certain members of her church at her regular meeting 4th Sunday in April, 1902, as follows: Elder R.A. Biggs, W.T. Flowers, Elders S.A. Paine, M.L. Barrett, Thomas Clark, B.L. Throneberry, T.J. Moore, W.H. Richards, A.B. Chambers, J.S. Newman, A.V. Atkins, Wm. Guess, said committee to report Friday, June 19, at 9:00 a.m.

The council adjourned.

FRIDAY

"The council was called together by singing, Friday morning, June 20 at 8:30. Prayer by Elder Throneberry. By motion and second, at request of moderator, Elder Biggs,

Elder Wm. Guess was unanimously elected moderator to act during this morning's session.

"The roll of messengers was called.

"By motion and second the committee appointed yesterday for the purpose of investigating the action of Harmony church in regard to the exclusion of certain members of said church made their report as follows, and were discharged.

"We, the committee, find and submit our findings as follows:

"1st. In July, 1901, conference there was a suggestion made to pass resolutions against the doctrine that God predestinated all the sinful actions of men.

"2nd. In August we find that reference was brought up and unanimously adopted against unlimited predestination and also against other heresies as specified therein.

"3rd. In February, 1902, we find that it was reported that W.M. Davis was advocating unlimited predestination of all things, sin and wickedness included, whereupon he was asked if he believed God predestinated all the wicked acts of men, and he said he did. Charges of heresy was preferred against Brother Davis, and fellowship withdrawn. Whereupon Elder James West and others refusing to acquiesce with action of the church were excluded for not submitting to the action of said church.

"4th. In April, 1902, we find that some of the members had attached themselves to a disorderly body, or faction of said excluded members, and also a letter from Brother L.P. Reece showing there was not harmony existing between him and the church. Then we find that the church withdrew fellowship from six members. And we, your committee, pray that the council ratify the action of Harmony church in those conferences alluded to herein. Signed:

Elder R.A. Biggs
Elder A.V. Atkins
Elder Wm. Guess
Elder J.S. Newman
Elder Thomas Clark
Elder B.L. Throneberry
Elder T.J. Moore
Elder W.H. Richards
Elder A.B. Chambers
Elder S.A. Paine
Elder M.L. Barrett
W.T. Flowers
 

The findings of the committee was unanimously adopted. "Motion and second to appoint a committee on publication of the findings of this council, carried. Elder J.S. Newman, Elder S.A. Paine and W.T. Flowers were appointed; said report to be made to the council at the 3 o'clock session this evening.

"Moved and seconded to appoint a committee to draft resolution on heresies. Elders A.V. Atkins, R.A. Biggs, Thomas Clark, P.M. Lancaster and Wm. Guess were appointed.

"The council adjourned to meet again at 3 p.m.

"The council was called to order by the moderator, Elder R.A. Biggs, at 3 p.m.

"The report from the committee on publication was called for and read, after which it was unanimously adopted with an additional statement from Elder J.G. Webb in regard to the church withdrawing fellowship from Brother Reece, and the committee was discharged.

"We, the committee, find and submit our findings as follows:

"lst. In July conference, 1901, there was a suggestion sade to pass resolutions against the doctrine that God predestinated all the sinful actions of men. The church record reading thus - "A suggestion was made by Brother J.M. Holland that the church pass resolutions against the doctrine that is being advocated that God predestinated all the sinful actions of men, which was deferred until next meeting for consideration. Conference closed.

Elder J.G. Webb, moderator, T.L. Webb, C.C."

"2nd. In August we find that the reference from July was brought up, and the church unanimously adopted resolutions against unlimited predestination, and also against other heresies as specified therein. The resolution on record reading as follows: "By motion and second the church unanimously agreed that the following resolutions be adopted: Whereas the doctrine of the absolute predestination all the wicked acts of men done in time is being agitated in some sections of the country and believing it to be a heresy, we therefore will not allow it preached in our church or advocated by our members. We also declare against arminianism, antinomianism and all other heresies of whatever character and believe it to be disorder to knowingly affiliate with these heresies to the extent of partaking with their disorder. After which conference closed

Elder J.G. Webb, moderator, T.L. Webb, C.C."

"3rd. In February, 1902, we find that it was reported that W.M. Davis was advocating unlimited predestination of all things, sin and wickedness included, whereupon he was asked if he believed God predestinated all the wicked acts of men, and he said he did. Charges of heresy were preferred against Brother Davis and fellowship withdrawn, whereupon Elder James West and others refusing to acquiesce with action of the church were excluded for not submitting to action of church. The church record reads: "Called for miscellaneous business, when it was reported that W.M. Davis had been advocating unlimited predestination of all things, including sin and wickedness, Brother Davis being present was asked the question if he believed that God predestinated all the wicked acts of men that took place in this world, and he said he did. By motion and second the church agreed to prefer charges against Brother Davis for heresy, and by motion and second agreed to withdraw fellowship from him~

"Elder James West then asked the church to include him in the same charge with Brother Davis, but stated that he did not believe that God was the author of sin, and Elder West, his wife, three daughters, Lilly, Levy, and Georgia, and son, Bennett, also Sister Fox and Sister Nancy Clark all refused to submit to the action of the church in withdrawing fellowship from Brother Davis. By motion and second the church withdrew fellowship from them all for not submitting to the action of the church.

"Brother James West, being an ordained minister was called upon for his credentials which he refused to give up, stating that he did not consider that he was excluded by the church. After which conference closed.

Elder J.G. Webb, moderator; T.L. Webb C.C."

"4th. In April, 1902, we find that some of the members had attached themselves to a disorderly body or faction of said excluded members, and also a letter from Brother L.P. Reece, showing that there was not harmony existing between him and the church. Then we find the church withdrew fellowship from six members, and we, your committee, pray that we, the council, ratify the action of Harmony church in those conferences alluded to herein. Church record: "After preaching by Elder R.C. Taylor of Tennessee, Harmony church meet in conference.

1st. Called for peace of church. Answered not in peace on account of some members having attached themselves to a disorderly faction of excluded members, thereby showing contempt for the church, also a letter was read and considered by the church from Brother L.P. Reece which clearly showed that there was no harmony between him and the church; then by motionand second the church agreed to withdraw fellowship from the following brothers and sisters."

For fear of wrong impressions in regard to the exclusion of Brother Reece would say that at the time his letter was received and read to the church, Brother Reece was then identified with those excluded, who published Harmony church as having made a departure from the faith.

Elder J.S. Newman,
W.T. Flowers,
Elder S.A. Paine.

"The report from the committee on heresy was next read and adopted; and committee discharged.

CIRCULAR LETTER

Dear Brethren in the Lord Throughout all the Earth,

Greeting and Christian salutation: - It has become necessary in our day, as in former generations, for God's people to give an expression of our faith in regard to doctrine and order. And being assembled at Bonham, Texas, on the 19th and 20th of June, 1902, and being organized into a council, representing fifty-four churches of our faith, with a membership of upward of 2000 from various portions of Texas and Indian Territory. And whereas there are various opinions entertained amongst our people (the Primitive Baptists) on the doctrine of predestination, and some other points herein mentioned: We the said council, feel it to be our duty to give in plain and simple language, what we have and do subscribe to on vital points.

"1. On predestination, we believe that predestnation embraces everything needful in the salvation of His people, from sin, and that God is the author thereof, together with its results, fully establishing His foreknowledge, of all conditions, and events, hormonizing in the effectual calling, justification, and final glorification of His people in heaven.

"2. We believe that Christ Jesus made a specia atonement on the cross for the sins of all His elect people.

"3. That in regeneration the sinner is passive and receives eternal life from God as a free gift.

"4. We believe in the resurrection of the dead, and that our vial bodies will be changed - from natural to spiritual bodies.

"5. We believe sin to be transgression of God's holy law by His creatures.

"6. That obedience to God's law is essential to the happiness and time salvation of God's regenerated people.

HERESY

"Heretical doctrine: we regard such as the following sentiment:

"1. That God predestinated sin and wickedness. That God's predestination bears the same relationship to sin as to holiness and righteousness.

"2. That no part of man is changed in regeneration.

"3. That the whole man is changed in regeneration.

"4. That the bodies of the saints will not be resurrected.

"5. That sin is as pleasing to God as is holiness.

"6. That the saints are as passive in obedien as in regeneration.

"The above intended expressions, we believe ar heretical and destructive to the peace and fellowship of the churches.

Dear Brethren, being assembled together and desiring the peace and union of all orderly saints, we submit the foregoing, hoping thereby to kindly and tenderly in the love of God, to place beyond a limit of our borders all offenders and false sentiments not embraced in God's word. And express in wholesome words our sentiments of God's precious and holy word.

"And in regard to the order we would allude to in this article, will say that we regard it very disorderly for any faction of excluded subjects to assemble and declare themselves to be the church proper, apart from the original body without first having proving the action of said church to have departed from the faith and doctrine of Christ, and the order prescribed by Christ for the government of His church. And we regard any and all persons as being in gross disorder who are, or may be, engaged in gathering, or making attempts to gather, any excluded members, and advising that said faction should claim or declare to be the church in order. Committee:

Elder P.M Lancaster  Elder A.D. Atkins
Elder R.A. Biggs        Elder Wm. Guess
Elder Thomas Clark

"By motion and second, it was ordered that the proceedings of this council be published in the "BAPTIST TRUMPET" with request that other Primitive Baptist paper copy.

Elder R.A. Biggs, Moderator,
W.T. Flowers;
Elder S.A. Paine, Clerks


PROSPECT CHURCH

Prospect Church was constituted September 26, 1889, in Rains County, by Elders J.C. Sikes, Alex Mason and Deacon J.A. Boyd, with the following members: J.A. Boyd, John McWhirter, Babe Robinson, John Robins, G.W. Abbercumby, Hannah Boyd, Sister Abbercumby, Sister McWhirter and Sister Robinson.

Elder Alex Mason served the church the first year, since which time Elder C.H. Herriage has served the church.


SYCAMORE CHURCH

Sycamore Church was constituted May 29, 1898, in Fannin County, by Elders J.G. Webb, J.W. Herriage and Deacon W.J. Majors, with the following members: P.W. Hanks, Mary Hanks, E.D. Haden, Vie Haden, F.R. Garrett, Julia Garrett, L. Darling, W.A. Darling, M.G. Seals, M.A. Seals, F. Brown, Lou Brown, Bettie Allen, Sarah Jackson, Mattie Nunaley, Luverna Seals, G.A. Perkins, and M.A.E. Perkins.

Elder J.G. Webb, James West, P.D. Ausmus, T.L. Webb and C.M. Monk, who was ordained to the ministry by this church in 1904, have served the church as pastors.

The church joined Red River Association in 1898, and is still a member of that body.


SALEM CHURCH

Salem Church was organized by Elders M.L. Barrett, J.G. Webb and B. Carter November 10, 1898, at the Lone Star Schoolhouse, three miles northwest of Honey Grove, Fannin County. The following members were in the constitution of this church: W.T. George, A.E. George and L.H. George and wife Sallie George, J.A. Cantrell, James West and wife, Belle West, Bennett West, F.M. Neely and wife, Mary Neely, M.J. McDow and wife, Sarah McDow, Mittie Goldesberry, J.A. Fortenberry, J.T. Darnell and wife, M.J. Darnell.

Elder J.G. Webb was called to the care of the church at the time it was constituted.

Salem Church joined the Red River Association in 1899.

On account of some of its members advocating unlimited predestination, this church, on Saturday before the second Sunday in August 1901, passed the following resolutions:

"Whereas, the doctrine of absolute predestination of all things, including sin, with all its train of evils, is being agitated among the Primitive Baptists, causing trouble and confusion. Believing this doctrine to be heresy, we will neither allow it preached in our pulpit, nor advocated by our members."

Eight members of this church were finally excluded over the above doctrine, four of them have since returned to the church.

Elder M.L. Barrett was called to the care of the church in January 1902, and served until January 1904, when Elder P.D. Ausmus was called, who is still serving the church.


CORINTH CHURCH

Corinth Church was constituted May 9, 1900, at Sweat Box Schoolhouse, in Hunt County, by Elders P.D. Ausmus, B. Carter and Deacons J. Bunch, E.J. Maples and C.M. Stidham, with the following members: Elder J.W. Herriage and wife, J.Q. Stegall and wife, W.J. Gresham, J.W. Houston and wife, JoH. Milford and wife, B.A. Smith and wife, J.E. Stegall and wife, Maggie Stegall, Rachel Hill, Mary McWhirter, J.F. Louden and wife.

Elder J.W. Herriage has served the church since it was constituted. At the time the church was constituted, a resolution of non-fellowship for the doctrine of the predestination of all things including sin, was unanimously passed by the church.

This church is a member of the Red River Association.


MT. ARARAT CHURCH

Mt. Ararat Church was organized September 13, 1901, about five miles east of English in Red River County, by Elders P.M. Lancaster, P.D. Ausmus, J.W. Caynar, I.J. Taylor and S. Denison, with the following members: W.H. Denison, J.F. Aubry, Stephen Denison, G.M.D. Cheek, N. Denison and Amanda Vale.

This church is without a regular preacher at present. It belongs to the Red River Association.


ZION'S REST CHURCH

Zion's Rest Church was organized on Saturday before the first Sunday in May 1904, at Powderly, Lamar County, by Elders J.T. Huckaby, P.D. Ausmus, J.P. Baize, M.G. Johnson and Deacons J.N. Drake, Monroe Stephens, J.H. Milford, Jesse Gaynar and J.K. Jennings, with the following members: F.M. and Mary Neeley, T.J. Smith, M.A. Aulds, W.P. Bass, Martha Bass, D.M. Smith, E.L. Smith, M.J. Smith. J.F. Aulds, L.C. Aulds, J.C. Mays, L.E. Mays, Elder J.W. Herriage and wife, J.A. Herriage, W.J. Brown and wife Julia Brown.

Elder J.W. Herriage was chosen pastor at the constitutionof the church and is still serving her.

Elder J.A. Webb joined this church by letter from Providence Church, in Collin County.

This church belongs to Red River Association.

Last Updated ( Friday, 13 October 2006 )
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Purpose

The Primitive or Old School Baptists cling to the doctrines and practices held by Baptist Churches throughout America at the close of the Revolutionary War. This site is dedicated to providing access to our rich heritage, with both historic and contemporary writings.